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Based on current data, autism is approximately four times more common in boys than in girls; however, many experts believe that more accurate identification of girls and women will result in a 2 to 1 ratio. In order to make sure that girls and women who have autism spectrum disorder are recognized, a different approach to identification is needed. Girls and women often face different challenges from those faced by their male counterparts; therefore, different support services are needed in order to address the specific needs of girls on the spectrum. This module focuses on how autism presents in girls and women and on providing strategies based on their specific needs.

Estimated Time to Complete: 1 hour

  • What's Included
  • 27 pages
  • Pre/post-assessments
  • Optional $10 certficate
  1. Describe the self-reinforcing cycle of data based on boys and identification/diagnosis
  2. List three of the many risks that increase for girls with autism spectrum disorder when school teams and other professionals fail to recognize their autism
  3. Compare restricted interests in females with ASD to restricted interests in males with ASD
  4. Describe how camouflaging helps and hurts girls on the spectrum
  5. Describe strategies for supporting girls on the spectrum during their school years in order to improve outcomes such as further education, employment, and independent living

Module Authors

Ruth Aspy, Ph.D.

Ruth Aspy, Ph.D., is a licensed psychologist who specializes in assessment and intervention for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. She is co-creator of a comprehensive model of intervention. Along with Dr. Barry Grossman, Dr. Aspy has written The Ziggurat Model, winner of the 2008 Autism Society of America Award for literary book of the year. Dr. Aspy speaks internationally. She has experience in both clinical and school settings. Dr. Aspy has facilitated in the establishment of innovative training programs for parents of children with ASD.

Modules on this site are always free. If you would like proof of completion, you can purchase a certificate when you have successfully completed this module. The certificate will provide contact hours for this module.

Graduate credit for courses is available through OCALI's partnership with Ashland University. Access information about course options and semester dates in the Search.

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